TMJ- Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ) is a condition that affects the jaw joint. Your lower jaw attaches to your skull by muscles and the two temporomandibular joints located near your ears. Your jaw opens, closes, and moves from side to side. You use jaw movements when you chew and speak.
Emotional stress and physical stress of nearby structures can cause TMJ. Teeth grinding and teeth clenching can contribute to TMJ. Your jaw joint may be painful and move out of place. TMJ treatment includes relaxation techniques, medications, and mouth guards. Surgery may be used in some cases, but only as a last resort.
You may hear a clicking or popping sound when you open and close your mouth. Your jaws may get stuck or catch in a position when you move them. You may notice a difference in your bite pattern or the way that your teeth come together when you close your mouth.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.